Jan 12 2020

Avoiding the Common Problem of Cascading Prescriptions

Published by under General

Avoid the common problem known as the “prescribing cascade.”1*

Instead of taking more prescription drugs to address what’s wrong, take Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ to stay healthy at the core.*

Americans spend about $1,200 on prescription drugs every year. That is more than what people pay in any other developed country. These are the latest figures from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. 1*

About one-quarter of Americans between the ages of 65-69 take at least 5 prescription drugs for chronic conditions, with 46% of those between the ages of 70-79 doing the same. It is not unusual for some patients to be taking more than 20 drugs to treat acid reflux, various heart-related conditions, depression, insomnia, and other disorders. 1*

As we get older, we have more difficulty metabolizing medications. Oftentimes side effects such as dizziness, nausea, constipation, confusion and even falls can happen and are often misinterpreted as a new condition, leading to another medication being prescribed. This “prescribing cascade” happens all the time and is why the pharmaceutical industry is a multibillion-dollar industry in our country.2*

As a nation, we have gone from spending 2.7 billion dollars each year on prescription drugs in the 1960s to 360.3 billion dollars in 2019. New drugs are always being developed to treat anything and everything, from diseases to ailments. We are a drug-taking nation and it is costing us billions. 3*

The United States has the highest total drug spending and also has “…the highest per capita pharmaceuticals spending among developed countries…” Drug prices are higher here than in other countries. For example, the commonly prescribed drug, Humira which is used to treat “…rheumatoid arthritis, chronic plaque psoriasis, Crohn’s disease, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and non-infectious uveitis…” was more than three times higher in the US than in Switzerland in 2015 The reason? In other countries, their governments more or less control drug prices. In the United States, we have a competitive marketplace, and as a result, the US market is more profitable for pharmaceutical companies and they are taking full advantage of that fact. The United States is the biggest producer of pharmaceuticals by value, accounting for nearly one-third of total production, (with Japan coming in as the second-largest producer.) The 10 top medicine producing countries produce 84-88% of the world’s pharmaceutical production. And prices keep going up. (2,3)*

Pharmaceutical companies kicked off 2019 with significant price increases. According to an analysis from the health software company Rx Savings Solution, the list price of hundreds of medications increased on an average of 6.3 percent.1*

A study published in the journal Health Affairs suggests that companies have increased prices on those drugs already in existence. “…“We found that, in the case of brand-name drugs, rising prices were driven by manufacturers increasing prices of medications that are already in the market rather than [by] the entry of new products,” lead author Inmaculada Hernandez, an assistant professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy says…”1*

Looking at wholesale data for around 27,000 prescription drugs from the years 2008 to 2016, Hernandez and her colleagues found that brand-name oral prescription drugs rose 9 percent year over year. Injectable drugs increased 15 percent per year while inflation during this time period was only about 2 percent. According to this study, research and development is only about 17 percent of all spending in most large drug companies. Once the FDA approves a drug, there are not that many additional R and D costs, Mainly, price increases can be attributed to a lack of competition and the regulatory environment in the US which allows for price increases much higher than in other countries…” (For detailed information about where the money is going, there is a good article in Health Affairs. See resource number 4 below.)1*.

Raising the costs of prescription drugs benefits the manufacturers and the insurers, but it hurts those who depend on these drugs, especially those who are uninsured and paying out of pocket. As a result, uninsured Americans pay the most, and this can lead to not filling prescriptions or not taking the medications they truly need. “…A 2016 survey found that 14 percent of insured Americans said they didn’t fill a prescription or skipped doses of their medication because of the cost…”1*

As long as we keep taking prescription drugs, these big pharmaceutical companies, the manufacturers, and the health care providers subscribing to them will continue to profit. And, it will continue to cost us more. I am not advocating that anyone stop taking their prescriptions. Many are life-saving and/or life-changing. But when you look at what prescriptions are being used for, it brings me back to the big picture of core health. Why are we on SO MANY PRESCRIPTIONS?  Can they be avoided? For many Americans, the answer is YES! But it takes work and it means addressing gut health first. *

It is so concerning that we have such high rates of digestive disorders, inflammation, acid reflux, skin conditions, diabetes, heart conditions, etc and instead of looking at gut health first, we get complacent and climb on the medicine train. And the “prescribing cascade” only gets worse and more complicated the older we get. So do your long term health and your wallet a favor and take a look inside your own medicine cabinet and do an assessment. Are you taking prescriptions that were prescribed to you a while ago and perhaps you no longer need? Are you eating a diet that is a healthy one and living a lifestyle that supports good gut health? Is your microbiome as healthy as it can be? Are you seeing the right health care professional that supports your health goals, and isn’t just writing prescriptions and saying, “next?”*

Look at the big picture. And do yourself a favor and don’t fall into the “prescribing cascade”, the slippery slope of too many drugs. Focus on your gut. Take your Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ and address your health at the core first. More times than not, it will take care of the rest.* 

Healthiest wishes,

Kelli

www.bodybiotics.com

Resources:

  1. https://www.cnbc.com/2019/01/10/why-prescription-drugs-in-the-us-cost-so-much.html
  2. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/the-other-big-drug-problem-older-people-taking-too-many-pills/2017/12/08/3cea5ca2-c30a-11e7-afe9-4f60b5a6c4a0_story.html
  3. https://www.statista.com/statistics/184914/prescription-drug-expenditures-in-the-us-since-1960/
  4. https://www.healthaffairs.org/do/10.1377/hblog20180726.670593/full/

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Dec 29 2019

Good News for the New Decade

Published by under antibacterials,Antibiotics

Good News for the New Decade
New discovery targets antibiotic-resistant ‘superbugs’ using molecular drills.1*

 Well, it is finally here. At the end of the year. And more than that, the end of the decade! Goodbye to the 20teens and on to the 2020s. The last decade has brought us a lot of technological advances, research studies, and knowledge that has helped us to live healthier lives. As a whole, we are shifting our perspective regarding health and wellness away from reacting to illness and disease to preventing it through good nutrition, exercise, and a healthy gut. *

We understand that whole food diets are good, carbohydrates are fine in the form of whole grains, and fiber is the key to keeping the healthy bacteria in our guts fed. Processed foods are out, sugar is out and organic is in! Plant-based diets have replaced vegetarian diets which gives us the platform for springing into a much healthier way of eating that prevents disease in the long run. Speaking of running, we know we need to exercise for our long term health*

 In the last decade, probiotics have garnered a lot of attention. What we have known at Body Biotics™ for several decades, the rest of the country and world has learned a lot more about. Gut health has finally become a household phrase and has taken center stage with many health care practitioners as they realize the importance of keeping the core of our health — our second brain — healthy in order to keep our immune systems strong and our overall health good for the long run.*

We are tapping into more and more ways to improve our health and discovering more ways to help those who get sick.  One of those ways comes in the form of some exciting news on the antibiotic-resistant superbug front. Through many blogs, we’ve covered the danger of superbugs, the consequences of overusing antibiotics, and the threat they pose for the future.  According to Chemist James Tour with Rice University,”…”These superbugs could kill 10 million people a year by 2050, way overtaking cancer. These are nightmare bacteria; they don’t respond to anything.”…”1*

James Tour, along with Robert Pal, a Royal Society University Research Fellow at Durham and co-author of the new paper which was published in the American Chemical Society journal ACS Nano, have demonstrated that motorized molecules “…are effective at killing antibiotic-resistant microbes within minutes…” Working alongside a team of other researchers at Rice University, Texas A&M University, Biola University and Durham (U.K.) University, they discovered that these light-activated molecules “…target and drill through highly antibiotic-resistant bacteria and kill them within minutes. The molecules can open bacteria to attack by drugs they previously resisted. The strategy could be applied to bacterial infections or diseases on the skin, in the lungs or in the gastrointestinal tract…”1*

Tests by the Texas A&M lab of lead scientist Jeffrey Cirillo and former Rice researcher Richard Gunasekera, now at Biola, effectively killed Klebsiella pneumoniae within minutes. “…While bacteria can evolve to resist antibiotics by locking the antibiotics out, the bacteria have no defense against molecular drills. Antibiotics able to get through openings made by the drills are once again lethal to the bacteria…” Microscopic images of targeted bacteria showed where motors had drilled through cell walls.”… “Bacteria don’t just have a lipid bilayer,” Tour said. “They have two bilayers and proteins with sugars that interlink them, so things don’t normally get through these very robust cell walls. That’s why these bacteria are so hard to kill. But they have no way to defend against a machine like these molecular drills since this is a mechanical action and not a chemical effect.”…”1*

These machines initially may see the most impact on treating infections on the skin, wounds, from implants or in the intestines, caused by bacteria such as staphylococcus aureus MRSA, klebsiella or pseudomonas. Essentially, it will work, wherever a light source can be introduced. Another option is to have blood flow through a light containing an external box and then back into the body for targeting blood-borne bacteria. 1*

“…”We are very much interested in treating wound and implant infections initially,” according to one researcher, “But we have ways to deliver these wavelengths of light to lung infections that cause numerous mortalities from pneumonia, cystic fibrosis and tuberculosis, so we will also be developing respiratory infection treatments.”…”. It may also be able to target bladder-borne bacteria that cause urinary tract infections…”1*

A second paper was published by the Tour lab this week in ACS Applied Materials Interfaces regarding advances in microscopic nanomachines and their ability to target disease. In the second paper, researchers at Rice and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center “…targeted and attacked lab samples of pancreatic cancer cells with machines that respond to visible rather than the previously used ultraviolet light. “This is another big advance since visible light will not cause as much damage to the surrounding cells,” Tour said…”1*

New discoveries lead to new problems. New problems require new discoveries. Antibiotics were a miracle cure, yet no one realized the long term effects of overuse. With the dedication, intelligence and collaboration of incredible researchers as the ones working together to discover the molecular drill, we will continue to have much promise for the future. Make 2020 your year of prevention. Keep your gut healthy by staying on your regimen of taking Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ daily. Take good care of yourself and may you enjoy all things good! Let’s make this next decade the healthiest yet!

 

Happy New Year from all of us at Body Biotics™!

Kelli

www.bodybiotics.com

 

Resources:

  1. Rice University. “Deadly ‘superbugs’ destroyed by molecular drills.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 December 2019. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/12/191212142721.htm
  2. https://newyork.cbslocal.com/2019/12/21/what-health-trends-and-medical-innovations-will-next-decade-bring/

 

 

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Dec 22 2019

Say Goodbye. Say Hello.

Published by under General

Say goodbye. Say hello.
It’s hard to let go of old habits and old ways, but with every New Year comes a new door to open.

It’s that time again! The old year is coming to a rapid close while the New Year is creeping up behind us, getting ready to tap us on the shoulder and say, “you’re it.” This is your year to live your best life, take charge of those things that have evaded you, whether it be your personal life, business or your health.  No more excuses. Are you with me?

When you think about what you really want for Christmas, what is it? Aside from a new Mazerati, do you want more time with family and friends? Do you want to meet new friends in order to expand your social circle? Do you want to mend old relationships that have fallen away? Do you want to spend less time on social media and more time face to face with the people you really care about? How about learning a new skill? Do you want to lose weight, get healthier, and get off prescription drugs? How about drinking less, quitting smoking and exercising more? Well there is no time like the present to give these presents to yourself. Say good bye to the old and say hello to the new. Today is the day…this year is your year!

As we know, life is fleeting. Many of us have possibly seen that first hand this year. But I challenge you, instead of mourning the loss of someone you care about, live your life to the fullest in their honor. As Don Henley sings in The Last Worthless Evening, …“There are just  so many summers  and just so many springs.”. We keep hearing about power movements going on across this country. How about we experience real power and change the one thing we can and that is ourselves. Only you can change what you don’t like in your life. Next year you can look back and say…I am the best me I can be. (If you are already there, give yourself a round of applause.)

So here’s our Christmas list for you

All I Want for Christmas is good health.

Every time your health seems to be getting off track, circle back around to your gut health and reevaluate if you are taking care of the core of your health. Are you keeping up with your Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™? Are you eating plenty of fruits and vegetables? Are you limiting your intake of processed foods and sugar? It’s easy to get off track…especially over the holidays. But just because it is the holiday season, doesn’t mean you need to get off track and compromise your health.

Give yourself a present of a gym or yoga membership.

Getting fit is the greatest gift you can give yourself. It truly is a gift that keeps on giving.

Make the effort with your friends and family.

When you feel lonely, pick up the phone and reach out to someone rather than waiting for them to reach out to you. Everyone is busy, and it is easy to feel like no one is available. Chances are, they would love to hear from you and may need someone to talk to but just didn’t feel like reaching out.   

Send a personal note.

Once you’re done writing to Santa, write to someone in your life you care about or who might enjoy a piece of mail. Especially older folks love mail, but younger ones do too. For them it is a novelty and exposes them to what is quickly becoming a lost tradition.  

Give rather than receive. This is true at Charismas but also all year long. Instead of asking what is in it for me, stop sometimes and ask, how you can  help others and bring Joy to the World.

Give the gift of being present to those around you. Get off your phones, take your eyes off the boob tube, put down the controls to the Xbox and actually have a conversation with everyone in the room, young and old. Listen. Ask questions. Be interested and be present. Be fun! Share something personal and tell those you care about that you love them.

Get lots of sleep…this time of year can wear on you and put you on edge especially if you are tired. Enjoy some Silent Nights and drift off for some good slumber that will make you fresh for your friends and family.

Feel the joy around you this holiday season. Tis the season to be jolly afterall. Embrace it. Smile at others. Love those near to you as much as you possibly can. Let go of old burdens and thoughts that drag you down and bring in new ideas and inspirations to make you feel alive. Say goodbye to this year, acknowledge all that was beautiful and then say hello to a new year, a new decade and a new you.

All- I- want- for- Christmas- is- you! To be happy, joyful, healthy and content.

Wishing you the happiest and healthiest of Holidays!.

Kelli

www.bodybiotics.com

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Dec 15 2019

Stay Healthy and Happy this Holiday Season.

Stay healthy and happy this holiday season.
Don’t put a damper on the holidays by coming down with the cold or flu.

As Benjamin Franklin quoted a long time ago, “ An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” While he initially meant it as it applies to safety, this phrase is always used when referring to health. And it couldn’t be more true, especially during this time of year.

Preventing illness rather than trying to get over an illness is a lot easier on everyone involved. Getting sick can take a toll on the body, ESPECIALLY if antibiotics get involved. It costs us time away from work and away from our family and friends. There has never been a better time than RIGHT NOW to reevaluate your health practices and be sure you are fortified and ready for what has become known as “cold and flu season”. Let’s go back to thinking of it as the ‘holiday season’ instead by staying healthy and actually enjoying the holidays.  

So what can we do to ensure our health? There are lots of viruses, flu bugs and bacteria out there that are ready and willing to take residence in your body. But if our immune systems are strong, we can fight it off. You are less likely to get infected if your microbiome is in balance

At Body Biotics™, we believe in staying healthy, starting with the gut, so we’ve put together a list of reminders to keep you healthy this holiday season, and we are checking it twice.

Gut health, gut health, gut health!

Keeping your gut healthy is of utmost importance and everyone knows it. It is all about prevention and keeping your microbes in a healthy balance, so if a bug does come along, your healthy bacteria are there to fight it off. With 80% of our immune system residing in our guts, if your gut is healthy, so will you be. If you start to feel something coming on, increase your Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™. It will give your system the extra boost it needs to fight off infection.

Avoid being around sick people, and if you do get sick…stay home!

Nobody wants to be around someone who is coughing and you don’t want to be that person spreading germs. There is nothing worse than getting on a plane and sitting next to someone who is coughing and blowing their nose. While we don’t like to cancel plans, sometimes it is the right thing to do. Do others a favor and just stay home with a cup of soup and a good movie. You’ll get better faster and everyone else will appreciate it.

If you get a virus, take measures to avoid it developing into a bacterial infection.

Sinus infections can often be avoided by treating the cold with regular use of a nedi pod or nasal wash, lots of fluids, and rest. “…Your body’s natural line of defense—the immune system—usually takes a few days to two weeks to fight a viral infection. In that time, make sure to get plenty of rest, drink lots of fluids, and take over-the-counter medicines like acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen to relieve any pain or fevers. You can also try a humidifier or a cool mist vaporizer. Remember, over-the-counter medicines will help relieve symptoms, but they won’t shorten the amount of time you are sick…” So hunker down, give your body a break and let it get well on its own. 1*

 

Keep your ears and feet warm.

If you are out in the cold, be sure to wear ear protection. Starting at 59°F, the blood vessels in the ears begin to constrict in order to consolidate warmth, making them more susceptible to the cold. Ear muffs or a hat that covers the ears keeps the cold out and also keeps the moisture out. When moisture gets in the ears it can lead to infection. The same goes for keeping your feet, hands and face warm. Extreme cold can cause blood vessels to constrict, limiting blood flow. When vessels are constricted, they struggle to circulate white blood cells needed for fighting off infection. (2,3)** 

 

Wash your hands

Wash your hands and make sure your kids wash their hands regularly at school and as soon as they walk into the house.  Scrubbing with good old fashioned soap and water helps fight off many germs.

Get your flu shot.

Not everyone is a proponent of flu shots, but they are a good protective measure especially for elderly folks or anyone with a weakened immune system.  

Eat right.

Avoid foods with too much sugar and keep your diet rich in fruits and vegetables, fresh fish and good organic proteins. Limit alcohol intake which can take a toll on the immune system.

Get plenty of sleep.

This is extremely important. Going to bed and waking around the same time each day is also a good habit to follow. While we sleep, our body heals, so give it plenty of rest, especially if you are starting to feel a cold coming on. If you have a virus with a fever, sleep along with the fever, is the body’s natural response to fighting off the viral infection. “…One way sleep and the immune system interact with one another is through fever. Our bodies use fever as a physiological defense to fight infection. During sleep, we can get a better fever response. That means it’s more efficient for our bodies to take on unwelcomed germs and viruses when we’re asleep…”3*

Avoid stressful situations

You’re kidding, right? It’s the holidays! But do your best to keep stress to a minimum. Take a deep breath, be patient with others (strangers and family alike).

Enjoy the moment. There are only so many holiday seasons in our lifetimes. Enjoy them…make them special and be present!

Avoid antibiotics unless absolutely necessary.

 If you have a viral infection like a cold or the flu, antibiotics won’t help. In fact, they will wipe out the healthy bacteria you need to fight off other types of bacterial infections. Many viral infections, to include ear infections and bronchitis, used to be treated with antibiotics, but now we know differently. Sore throats also are often viruses and don’t respond to antibiotics, but get a strep test if you have a sore throat to rule that out. Whenever possible, ride it out and resist that urge to assume you need antibiotics. Be aware that some viral infections can go on to develop into bacterial infections. So visit your health care provider or urgent care if you develop a fever of 103 or higher, if your fever lasts longer than 7 days, or if it is accompanied by a rash or vomiting (or anytime you are concerned). It’s better to rule out a serious bacterial infection, such as strep throat or pneumonia.

I hope these reminders will help you stay healthy this winter…through the holidays and into the New Year.

We truly wish you a healthy and happy holiday season,

Kelli

www.bodybiotics.com

Resources:

  1. https://www.uhs.wisc.edu/news/self-care/overly-antibiotic-when-you-need-them-and-when-you-dont/
  2. https://www.medexpress.com/blog/workplace-wellness/why-you-need-to-keep-your-ears-warm-this-winter.html
  3. https://medlineplus.gov › fever

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Dec 01 2019

C. Diff…an old bacterium with new problems.

Published by under probiotic supplements

C. Diff…an old bacterium with new problems.
One type of Colitis called C-Difficile is on the rise. Why? And what can be done?*

To continue our series on colitis, we must give attention to one type of colitis that is the major cause of infectious diarrhea in the United States and that is Clostridium Difficile, also known as C Diff. It affects nearly half a million people in the U.S. every year. “…Contrary to the popular belief that C. difficile is typically a hospital-acquired infection, recent studies have revealed that approximately 41% of the infections caused by C. difficile are community-acquired…” Each year, twenty-nine thousand people die within a month of diagnosis and 15,000 people die of the C. Difficile infection. While it can show up without an apparent reason, it often strikes people after they have received antibiotics for another infection.  When this happens, their immune system and microbiome get compromised and thus lay the groundwork for C. Diff to move in. (12)*

“…Scientists discovered C. diff in 1935, but they didn’t recognize it as the major cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea until 1978. The rise of C. diff in the 1970s was triggered by the widespread use of the antibiotic clindamycin. Over the next 20 years, broad-spectrum antibiotics continued to fuel the C. diff epidemic…”1*

Our bodies are made up of approximately 10 trillion cells — and each of us plays host to about 100 trillion bacterial cells with 500-1000 bacterial species living in the digestive tract. Most of these bacteria are harmless with a healthy person having a ratio of approximately 80% good bacteria to 20% unfriendly. Together they create a healthy gut and strong immune system. In the colon, these bacteria are harmless and actually contribute to our health, by stimulating the immune system, producing vitamin K and aiding in the establishment of the proper balance between its components. They detoxify harmful chemicals and crowd out such pathogens as C. Diff. 1*

So why and how did C. Diff become such a problem? The answer is something we have sadly come to know, and that is antibiotics. While antibiotics target aggressive bacteria that cause serious infection, they lay waste on the microbiome, often wiping out all the good bacteria as well…those that keep our bodies healthy. “…When normal intestinal bacteria are wiped out by antibiotics, a void is created and in too many cases, C. diff steps in to fill the void. This especially happens with those who are hospitalized and already have weakened immune systems and are not prepared to withstand the stress of diarrhea and fever…”1*

What exactly is C. diff?

 “…C. diff is classified as an anaerobic bacterium because it thrives in the absence of oxygen. Like its cousins, the Clostridia that cause tetanus, botulism, and gas gangrene, C. diff passes through a life cycle in which the actively dividing form transforms itself into the spore stage. Spores are inert and metabolically inactive, so they don’t cause disease. At the same time, though, spores are very tough and sturdy; they are hard to kill with disinfectants, and they shrug off even the most powerful antibiotics…”1*

  1. diff spreads because patients with C. diff shed spores through their feces. “…The primary mode of disease transmission is the fecal-oral route…” In facilities, where many patients are cohabitating, spores can be transmitted through utensils, hands, and food, and they are swallowed by another patient. Now, in the second patient’s GI tract, the spores come to life. In a healthy person, the good bacterial or healthy balance of bacteria keeps the C. diff bacterium in check without consequences. But if they entered the system of a patient who has been compromised due to antibiotic therapy or illness, C. diff sees an opportunity to grow. As it multiplies, it produces toxins known as toxins A and B, which cause damage to the colon lining. This results in diarrhea and inflammation. “…Ordinary strains of C. diff produce two toxins, called toxins A and B, but the new, worrisome hypervirulent strains produce up to 16 times more toxin A and 23 times more toxin B…” (1,2)*

While any antibiotic can pave the way for C. diff, it is the antibiotics that more severely affect the intestinal tract. Clindamycin is the most common, but other antibiotics include such broad-spectrum antibiotics as penicillins, cephalosporins, and fluoroquinolones. Anti-ulcer medications in the proton-pump inhibitor family may also increase vulnerability because stomach acid helps battle  C. diff.1*

Symptoms range from mild to severe, and can even be life-threatening. The wide range of symptoms is classified as CDAD which stands for Clostridium difficile–associated disease. Health care professionals can identify it by its odor, but more precise testing is mandatory. The standard way to diagnose CDAD is to detect C. diff toxins in the patient’s feces.1*

If an antibiotic led to CDAD, the first step is to stop that therapy which is difficult if a patient needs that particular treatment for something else going on in the body. The next step is to administer an antibiotic that will kill C. diff. In most mild to moderate cases, C. diff. infections respond well to two drugs, fidaxomicin or vancomycin. But some patients recover slowly, and relapse is not uncommon. Many health professionals cautions against giving medication to slow diarrhea, as it is the body’s attempt to get rid of the C. diff. Dehydration is a big concern, so that needs to be watched. In cases of severe CDAD, dramatic intervention may take place. In the case of toxic megacolon which is life-threatening, complete removal of the colon may be required.1*

How to prevent C. diff and its spread

Because C. diff moves in when the microbiome is compromised, it is imperative to keep the gut balanced. Supplementing on a daily basis with Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ is one way to help crowd out unfriendly bacteria, and fortify the gut so that C. diff. can’t move in. 1*

  1. diffs is preventable but a prompt diagnosis is important in order for the proper to be taken to isolate the spores before it spreads. In hospitals and long term care facilities, the patient should be in a private room and not share bathroom facilities. Staff should take measures to wash their hands, use gloves and gowns, and remove when leaving the room. C. diff spores resist alcohol-based hand cleansers so soap and water is needed for handwashing, but even soap won’t kill the spores but scrubbing well can remove many of them. C. diff spores can survive on dry surfaces for weeks and even months, so all surfaces in a patient’s room require special care and hypochlorite-based solutions seem to work best. At home, kitchen and bathroom surfaces and fixtures should be cleaned with a bleach and water solution.1*

Because antibiotics are the culprit when it comes to C. diff., antibiotics should only be used when absolutely necessary, with the most narrowly focused drug being used for the shortest amount of time possible. Taking  Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ regularly, when you are healthy, and increasing dosage when you feel something coming on will keep your immune system and your microbiome strong and healthy. Colitis in general and C. Diff specifically are not something to mess around with and we want to avoid at all costs. Take good care and follow preventative measures.

Healthiest wishes,

Kelli

www.bodybiotics.com

 

Resources:

  1. https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/clostridium-difficile-an-intestinal-infection-on-the-rise
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK431054/

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Nov 24 2019

Ulcerative Colitis – Part 2

Ulcerative Colitis…what it is and what can be done – Part 2

Inflammatory Bowel Disease, including Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease, are particularly perplexing forms of Colitis.

During our last blog, we started our series on Colitis. We covered the different types of colitis, the symptoms and how to determine if it is time to seek medical care.

One of the most commonly diagnosed types of colitis is Ulcerative colitis. It is one of two conditions classified as an Inflammatory Bowel Disease with the other being Crohn’s Disease. These two conditions can be particularly frustrating because their causes are often unknown and those suffering have to deal with them their whole life. It occurs when the immune system overreacts to bacteria and other particles in the digestive tract, yet health experts can’t pinpoint why this happens. (1,2)*

Ulcerative Colitis is a chronic inflammation of the inner lining of the colon that can cause the tissue to break down, resulting in the formation of ulcerations along the colon. Depending on the type, it can involve the entire colon or only parts of it. “…The common types of Ulcerative Colitis include proctosigmoiditis, which affects the rectum and lower portion of the colon, left-sided colitis, which affects the left side of the colon beginning at the rectum and pancolitis, which affects the entire large intestine…” (1,2)*

Ulcerative colitis in almost all cases requires some form of treatment. Unlike other forms of colitis that are caused by external influences such as bacteria, antibiotics, chemicals, chemotherapy, etc., ulcerative colitis is believed to be caused by a genetic mutation that allows bad bacteria to irritate the intestine. While the exact cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown, it is believed to be related to abnormal immunologic reactions by the body to normal bacteria that typically reside in the colon. The body’s immune system reacts by attacking the colon which causes inflammation.1*

“…Ulcerative colitis is a disease that occurs in developed nations and is more common in cities than in the countryside. Approximately 700,000 people in the U.S. suffer from ulcerative colitis. Individuals with ulcerative colitis usually develop the disease between ages 15 and 25 although the disease may begin at any age. There seems to be a genetic component since ulcerative colitis is more common among relatives of individuals with ulcerative colitis. Caucasians and individuals of eastern European Jewish descent are more likely to develop ulcerative colitis…”1*

Crohn’s disease, another form of inflammatory bowel disease, is different in that it is not isolated to the colon. Crohn’s disease most often usually involves the small intestine, sometimes the small intestine and colon and then sometimes just the colon. Both Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis are chronic gastrointestinal disorders with the symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea with the cause being dysfunction of the nerves and muscles of the intestines with no identifiable inflammation.1*

What are the warming signs?

The main symptoms caused by ulcerative colitis are abdominal pain and diarrhea, usually bloody. Ulcerative colitis can fluctuate in terms of severity over time, with symptoms going from mild to severe and back to mild. It can even “burn out” over time and become inactive. If not controlled, the chronic inflammation and symptoms of ulcerative colitis can affect the patient’s nutritional intake, leading to weight loss and a decreased rate of growth in children.(1,2)*

How to determine if you have Ulcerative Colitis

The best way to determine if ulcerative colitis is present is with a colonoscopy. It can also be diagnosed with a barium enema, which is a procedure that takes X-rays of a barium-filled colon, but the colonoscopy is more effective at identifying lower levels of inflammation and scarring left from the ulcers. Additionally, during a colonoscopy, biopsies can be taken from the lining of the colon which helps confirm the diagnosis.1*

In cases of severe flare-ups, it is necessary to seek treatment so as to avoid scary complications. One such complication is bleeding that can be so severe it leads to anemia. The colon can also dilate to the point that it stops working. Without treatment, the colon can rupture and this is a medical emergency that requires surgery. Unsuccessful surgery can lead to the removal of the colon altogether. 1*

 Another risk of ulcerative colitis is that it puts people at an increased risk for colon cancer, with that risk increases the longer the duration and the extent of the disease. Prevention includes annual screening via colonoscopy in which biopsies can be taken to detect precancerous cells early so that portions of the colon can be removed surgically before cancer develops. 1*

Other complications in other parts of the body can result from having ulcerative colitis. Inflammation can lead to arthritis of the spine and large joints, skin ulcerations may occur and it can lead to a serious liver disease called sclerosing cholangitis, which happens in a small number of people. All of these complications are associated with inflammation and the immune system.1*

There are several treatments for ulcerative colitis all aiming to reduce the inflammation in the colon. While there are several drug treatments commonly prescribed, let’s look at how Probiotics can help those with Ulcerative Colitis. *

Probiotics work in various ways. They act as a barrier by lining the intestinal tract and when taken regularly, prevent other bacteria from reaching and penetrating the mucosal immune system. Probiotics also enhance mucus production, helping produce a thicker mucus layer, which protects against invasive bacteria. They also can alter the consistency of the mucus, thereby “…changing bacterial adherence patterns…” 3*

Additionally, “…probiotics cause the mucosal immune system in the patient’s intestinal tract to secrete protective immunoglobulins (Ig) such as secretory IgA and a host of protective defensins and bacteriocins into the lumen. Finally, probiotics alter the function of the mucosal immune system to make it more anti-inflammatory and less pro-inflammatory; specifically, probiotics can stimulate dendritic cells to make them slightly less responsive and slightly less reactive to bacteria within the lumen. This latter mechanism appears to be particularly important in ulcerative colitis (UC). Working via these mechanisms, probiotics can downregulate the effects of luminal bacteria in initiating and sustaining an intestinal inflammatory response…”3*

Because Ulcerative Colitis is believed to be the result of an underlying genetic mutation that allows  “…aggressive luminal bacteria to initiate a mucosal inflammatory response that is never terminated…” the rationale is that Probiotics help change the existing bacteria so that it is not as aggressive and more anti-inflammatory. The second thought is that Ulcerative Colitis is a mucosal disease, so a therapy that works at the level of the mucosa should be beneficial. Research has been done on probiotic bacteria similar to the strains found in Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™. Probiotics showed to be effective for inducing remission and maintaining a benefit over 24 weeks. More research needs to be done, but multiple studies have concluded that certain strains of bacteria can help prevent a relapse of the symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis. (3,4)*

Drugs used to treat Ulcerative Colitis

Commonly prescribed drugs for Ulcerative Colitis are anti inflammatory  drugs such as aminosalicylates, which are related to aspirin. If those are not effective, corticosteroids are used. Lastly,  immunomodulators, which lower the immune response aim to reduce inflammation. These drugs can take weeks to months for maximum benefit to be realized. 1*

Biologic Therapies

Another recent treatment for ulcerative colitis is biologic therapy. Antibodies target inflammation-causing molecules produced by the immune system. These antibodies are administered intravenously every few weeks. The one used most often is directed against a protein called tumor necrosis factor, which is produced by the immune system.1*

Surgery for Ulcerative Colitis

Despite drug therapies, approximately one-third of people with ulcerative colitis will need to undergo surgery to treat the inflammation, prevent or treat cancer, or to treat complications such as the rupture of the colon. Surgery in which the entire colon is removed cures the person of their ulcerative colitis. Medical advancements have made it so that patients are not always left with ileostomies, (external bags into which the small intestine emptied). Instead, surgical techniques have been developed that allow the colon to be removed without the need for an ileostomy.1*

Helminth or Whipworm Therapy

A far out sounding, but possibly promising observation by some researchers is that the pig whipworm could be an effective treatment for ulcerative colitis. “…Scientists believe that the worms that inhabit the colon alter the immune response reduce the inflammation. In one study, 43% of patients with ulcerative colitis improved after ingesting pig whipworm eggs for 12 weeks. The impetus for investigating treatment with the whipworm came from the observation that ulcerative colitis was not common in developing countries where intestinal parasitic diseases are common…” This may be worth exploring further and possibly in a future blog.(1,5)*

I hope this information has been helpful. The more we know, and the more steps we take daily for prevention, such as taking Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ to protect our health, the better. Staying informed and ahead of problems before they get worse, is a big part of this.*

Healthiest wishes,

Kelli

www.bodybiotics.com

Resources:

  1. https://www.webmd.com/ibd-crohns-disease/ulcerative-colitis/ulcerative-colitis-probiotics-prebiotics#1
  2. https://www.healthline.com/health/colitis#types-and-causes
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3033537/
  4. https://greatist.com/health/probiotics-for-ulcerative-colitis#do-probiotics-help
  5. https://undark.org/2016/12/20/helminths-ibs-worm-parasite-auto-immune/
  6. https://inflammatoryboweldisease.net › what-is-crohns-disease › statistics

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Nov 17 2019

The Condition called Colitis: Part 1

Published by under probiotic supplements

The Condition called Colitis: Part 1

Many people suffer from this condition that has causes that are somewhat elusive.

Over the next few weeks, we are going to examine the condition called Colitis, which affects many people around the globe. Colitis is an inflammation of the colon, also referred to as the large intestine. It affects approximately 1.6 million Americans in some shape or form, primarily as Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Out of the 1.6 million people affected, 780,000 of them have Crohn’s disease and approximately 907,000 have Ulcerative Colitis. Approximately 6 to 15 new cases per 100,000 people each year are diagnosed with Crohn’s disease. (1,2)*

There are many different forms of colitis, including Infectious colitis, Ischemic colitis, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s colitis, Microscopic Colitis, Diversion Colitis. Lymphocytic Colitis, Atypical Colitis, Fulminant Colitis, Collagenous Colitis, Chemical Colitis, and pseudomembranous colitis. Depending on the type, Colitis can be a temporary condition, or it can affect a person for years. In the more serious conditions, the causes can be unknown, with researchers trying to find the answers. (1,2)

Generally, the signs of colitis include abdominal pain, tenderness in the abdominal area, rapid weight loss, achy joints, loss of appetite and fatigue, or frequent, small bowel movements. In many cases, diarrhea is present, but in other cases there may be constipation. Blood in the stool is also common. 2*

 Types and Causes

 Not all forms of colitis are the same. What causes it varies just as the type of colitis people have varies. Understanding the cause helps to determine the treatment plan.

Infectious Colitis

Perhaps the most common type of colitis is infectious colitis, which is caused by viruses and bacteria entering the intestine. Usually a foodborne illness or food poisoning from salmonella, E. coli., shigella and Campylobacter cause it. These infections can cause diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, and serious dehydration.  Infectious diarrhea can also be caused by parasites from dirty water such as giardia which can affect both humans and pets. This can be from dirty drinking water, lakes, rivers and swimming pools. When your mother said, “don’t drink the water” there was a good reason!3*

Another type of infectious colitis is pseudomembranous colitis which is caused when antibiotic use has altered the delicate balance of the microbiome and there is an overgrowth of clostridium difficile or C. Diff.  This bacteria produces a toxin that causes diarrhea. While the diarrhea is usually not bloody, dehydration and fever can occur.   C. diff is helped with a strong regimen of Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ to repopulate the gut with friendly bacteria. (2,3)*

Ischemic Colitis

Just like other arteries in the body, the arteries that supply blood to the colon can become narrow as the result of atherosclerosis. Just like narrowing blood vessels in the heart can lead to angina, or narrowed blood vessels in the brain can cause a stroke, these arteries can restrict blood supply to the colon causing it to become inflamed and irritated. This same condition can occur as a result of a condition called volvulus, in which the bowel twists itself or there is an incarcerated hernia, in which a section of the colon gets trapped in an “outpouching” of the abdominal wall. These conditions can prevent blood from flowing to the affected portion of the colon. In these cases, ischemic colitis can occur. The result is serious pain, bloody bowel movements, and fever. 3*

Blood clots can also decrease blood flow to the bowel if they travel or embolize and block an artery to the colon.  “…Individuals who have the common heart rhythm disturbance, atrial fibrillation, are at risk of forming small clots in the heart, which break off and block the blood supply to the bowel. This is the same mechanism that can cause a stroke or TIA (transient ischemic attack) if the blockage occurs in an artery that supplies the brain…”*3*

Microscopic Colitis

This uncommon condition known as Collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis occurs mainly in older women. While the cause is unknown, the autoimmune condition is the primary suspect. Known as microscopic colitis, the colon wall gets engorged with either lymphocytes or collagen causing it to get inflamed. The symptoms are watery, non-bloody diarrhea. 3*

 Chemical Colitis

Inflammation and damage can occur when chemicals are entered into the colon as in an enema. Inflammation of the mucosal lining of the colon is the result. 3*

Medication-associated colitis

Some prescription drugs as well as over the counter drugs can cause colitis. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), retinoic acid, mycophenolate, and ipilimumab are among the culprits. Ask your doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of colitis if you are on any of these drugs. 3*

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and Colitis

Inflammatory bowel disease falls into two categories…ulcerative colitis, and Crohn’s disease.

Thought to be an autoimmune disease, ulcerative colitis happens when the body’s own immune system attacks the colon, causing inflammation and small ulcers all along the colon. It begins in the rectum and can gradually spread throughout the colon. Abdominal pain and bloody bowel movements are the symptoms.

Crohn’s disease on the other hand, can involve any part of the digestive tract. It can start from the mouth, esophagus and stomach, and go through to the small and large intestine all the way to the rectum and anus. It has diseased areas known as skip lesions, which are interspersed throughout the digestive tract with healthy areas of tissue. (1,3)*

Symptoms

The symptoms of colitis vary depending on the type of colitis a person has, but generally, colitis is associated with abdominal pain and diarrhea. Symptoms may also include bloody diarrhea, , constipation, and cramping, Additionally, the constant urge to have a bowel movement, fever, chills and other signs of infection may also be present. In serious cases, loss of weight, fatigue, and fever are the result. 1,3)*

When to seek the help of a health care professional   

When it comes to the internal mechanisms of the body, it is important to seek the help of a health care professional for both preventative care (colonoscopy screening) and more specifically a gastroenterologist or internal medicine specialist if you think you have colitis. A diagnosis of colitis can be determined through a physical exam, reviewing patient history, a colonoscopy, laboratory and imaging tests. 1,3)*

Colonoscopies are an important way to screen diseases and conditions of the colon. It can help get a better picture, literally of the colon. Biopsies of the colon lining can be done to detect microscopic colitis and also to for cancer screening. If detected early, colon cancer is very treatable with great survival rates. Unfortunately, people put this important test off too often. “…Colonoscopy is an essential cancer screening test and is especially important for those patients who have had blood in their stool that can’t be explained by another diagnosis…”3*

A CT scan, or computerized tomography, can also be used to take an image of the colon and the rest of the abdomen. Different types of colitis have distinctive patterns that may help a radiologist recognize a specific diagnosis. 3*

If you are suffering from any of the following, it is important to seek medical care::

  • persistent diarrhea, (most bouts of diarrhea resolve themselves after a few hours…if it persists, there may be a problem)
  • blood in the stool
  • significant and lasting pain in the abdomen.
  • Signs of dehydration (decreased or dark urination, weakness, dizziness. dry eyes, mouth and skin.
  • fever, 1,3)*

What Is the Outlook for a Person With Colitis?

Understanding the causes of each type of colitis has led to a more targeted approach to therapy. Next time we will look at the treatment options for each type of colitis and steps for prevention.  In the meantime, we know that replenishing the digestive tract with healthy bacteria is key to prevention and remission for all types of colitis. So continue on with  Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ in order to keep the gut populated with the healthy bacteria we need for a strong immune system and to maintain a healthy digestive tract. 

Healthiest wishes,

Kelli

www.bodybiotics.com

 

Resources:

  1. https://inflammatoryboweldisease.net › what-is-crohns-disease › statistics
  2. https://www.gwhospital.com/conditions-services/digestive-disorder-center/colitis
  3. https://www.emedicinehealth.com/colitis/article_em.htm
  4. https://gut.bmj.com/content/54/7/898

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Oct 06 2019

Is it Time for a gut check?

Published by under probiotic supplements

Time for a gut check?
Evaluate the choices you make to ensure you are keeping your microbiome healthy.   

As we know, having a healthy microbiome is key to good health and a strong immune system. It takes a daily commitment to stay on track by eating right, exercising, sleeping well and avoiding poor lifestyle choices. With full schedules, work, families and more, we don’t always remember or have the time or energy to make the healthiest choices for ourselves and our families. Today’s blog is about doing a “gut check” and making sure we are all on track.

Keeping our guts healthy is essential for overall health and a strong immune system. The friendly microbes are important for healthy digestion. They destroy harmful bacteria and other microorganisms, produce vitamin K, folate and short-chain fatty acids. When our microbiome contains more bad bacteria then good, an imbalance occurs, This condition, called gut dysbiosis, leads to a plethora of conditions. We are more prone to a variety of infections and other illness. Our brains get  foggy, we can feel lethargic and depressed. Imbalanced gut bacteria and dysbiosis have been connected to weight gain, inflammatory bowel disease, inflammation throughout the body, insulin resistance, obesity and colorectal cancer. An unhealthy gut is at the core of an array of health problems.  All roads lead from the gut, and an unhealthy gut will make us sick, while a healthy gut will keep us well.. (1,2)*

So how healthy is your gut? Are you doing the right things to keep it healthy? Let’s review:

How diverse is your diet?

When we become creatures of habit, grabbing what is easy and eating the same things all the time (and maybe not so healthy), the gut microbes become less diverse..3*

A diet consisting of a wide variety of whole foods, such as whole grains, vegetables and fruits, can lead to a more diverse gut flora. The food you eat provides nutrients that help bacteria grow, so the more diverse the healthy foods, the more variety of nutrients help promote different types of bacteria to grow..3*

Over the past 50 years, the Western diet has become less diverse. “…Today, 75% of the world’s food supply comes from only 12 plants and five animal species…” Studies show that people who reside in rural regions of Africa and South America have a more diverse gut flora than those living in the US and Europe, as their diets are richer in fiber and include a wider  variety of plant protein sources.4*

Have you taken Antibiotics?

While antibiotics are effective in treating infections such as urinary tract infections and strep throat, they do take a toll on the flora residing in the gut. While they kill bacteria or prevent them from multiplying, they harm not only the bad, but also wipe out the good bacteria. Just one round of antibiotics can result in harmful changes to the composition and diversity of the gut flora. Antibiotics cause a short term decline in beneficial bacteria like Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli and can increase harmful bacteria like clostridium.  Multiple rounds of antibiotics can really take a toll. Once a round of antibiotics is completed, most bacteria return after 1-4 weeks, but the numbers don’t often return to previous levels. Once you complete a round of antibiotics, take and increased dose of Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ to replenish lost populations.

Take your Probiotics daily

This brings us to the importance of replenishing the friendly critters that we don’t get in our diets whether it is due to a less diverse diet, or because the soils are not as rich in natural Probiotics like they used to be before industrial farming took hold, We must replenish our guts with the friendly microbes they need. Taking Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ is designed for that purpose. When you feel run down or are feeling a canker sore or yeast infection coming on, up your dose. These are all signs that your gut microbes are out of balance. 

Add plenty of Prebiotics

Prebiotics are essential for a healthy gut and for a diverse microbiome. Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ contains prebiotics in the form of humic and fulvic acid. Additionally, we need to also eat plenty of both soluble and non soluble fiber. It is the non soluble fiber that passes through the body undigested and promotes the growth and activity of friendly gut bacteria. You can get your fiber by eating plenty of  fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds and beans, which naturally contain prebiotic fiber.

Foods that are high in fiber are and serve as prebiotics are:

  • Asparagus
  • Jerusalem artichokes
  • Oats
  • Lentils, chickpeas and beans
  • onions
  • nuts
  • Bananas
  • Garlic
  • Leeks (1,5)*

Don’t drink too much alcohol.

When consumed in large amounts, alcohol is highly toxic and can have harmful physical and mental effects, including gut dysbiosis. 6*

A study comparing the gut flora of 41 alcoholics to 10 healthy individuals who consumed little-to-no alcohol showed  dysbiosis was present in 27% of the alcoholic population, while it was not in any of the healthy individuals. 6*

Another study compared the effects of three different types of alcohol on gut health.”…For 20 days, each individual consumed 9.2 ounces (272 ml) of red wine, the same amount of de-alcoholized red wine or 3.4 ounces (100 ml) of gin each day Gin decreased the number of beneficial gut bacteria, whereas red wine actually increased the abundance of bacteria known to promote gut health and decreased the number of harmful gut bacteria like Clostridium …”  The benefits of moderate red wine drinking on the microbiome seems to be because of the polyphenol content in the grapes skins. 7*

A third study. showed that consuming red wine can significantly influence the growth of certain microbes, which suggests “…possible prebiotic benefits associated with the inclusion of red wine polyphenols in the diet…” Polyphenols are plant compounds that escape digestion and are broken down by gut bacteria. They may also help reduce blood pressure and improve cholesterol 7*

Get Physical

 We know it, we hear it everywhere so let’s say it once more for good measure. Physical activity, whether it be walking, running, dancing or gardening, has health benefits that include losing weight, lowering stress and reducing the risk of chronic disease and  also improves gut health, according to recent studies. *

Cigarettes are just bad for you.

Tobacco smoke harms nearly every organ in your body with its thousands of chemicals, (70 of which can cause cancer). Smoking raises the risk of lung cancer, heart disease and stroke and is also one of the most environmentally risky factors for inflammatory bowel disease, which is characterized by ongoing inflammation of the digestive tract. Crohn’s disease, which is a common type of inflammatory bowel disease,  is also twice as likely in smokers. Giving up smoking can increase gut flora diversity.8*

Get lots of consistent Zzzzs

Sleeping, and sleeping well is essential to good gut health and overall health. Disrupting the body’s time clock can have an effect on gut health as shown in a 2016 study which explored the effects of short-term sleep deprivation on the composition of gut flora. The study compared the effects of two nights of sleep deprivation (about 4 hours per night) versus two nights of normal sleep duration (8.5 hours) in nine men. “…Two days of sleep deprivation caused subtle changes to the gut flora and increased the abundance of bacteria associated with weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes and fat metabolism. (1,10)*

Try not to Stress

Stress can alter gut microbes by increasing sensitivity and reducing blood flow in the gut. Mice studies have shown that certain stressors can affect the microbiome. “…Stress exposure in mice also affects bacterial populations, causing an increase in potentially harmful bacteria like Clostridium and reducing beneficial populations of bacteria like lactobacilli…” Another study, which involved 23 college students, examined the composition of their gut bacteria at the beginning and end of the school semester. They observed that the high stress associated with final exams caused a reduction in friendly bacteria, including Lactobacilli….”11*

Easy reminders for improving and maintaining good gut health:

  • Eat plenty of foods rich in prebiotic fibers, such as legumes, onions, asparagus, oats, bananas and others.
  • Take your probiotics 
  • Make time for quality sleep and try to go to bed and wake up at the same time each day.
  • Reduce stress through regular exercise and other relaxation techniques.
  • Check your lifestyle choices and use alcohol in moderation. If you’re going to drink, moderately consume red wine which is high in Avoid smoking and stay active.

Healthiest wishes,

Kelli

www.bodybiotics.com

Resources:

  1. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/8-things-that-harm-gut-bacteria#section11
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27110483
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20679230
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23609775
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3362077/
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22552027
  7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2598752
  8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3180011/
  9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5123208/
  10. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301051107001597

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    Sep 22 2019

    Where have all the fish gone?

    Published by under General

    Where have all the fish gone?

    Industrial fishing practices and consumer demand are changing the landscape of our oceans.

    Last time we talked about our oceans and the impact that overfishing has had on the amount of wildlife found there. Where it seems that the oceans are endless, industrial fishing has depleted the oceans just as industrial farming has depleted our soils. Fish can’t reproduce fast enough to keep up with the demand, and this is going to have a  long term, negative effect on all of us if we don’t act now 1*

    As the bigger fish disappear, fisherman go for the smaller catch – those fish that act as food for the bigger fish. If we deplete these also, it will negatively impact the entire food chain. Fish are an important food to include in our diets due to their high levels of naturally occurring omega 3 fatty acids. But if we don’t choose wisely, we are contributing to this problem of over fishing, and also could be consuming seafood high in mercury and other pollutants.1*

    The industry is paying attention to this problem due to the help of researchers and largely due other research done through the world renowned Monterey Bay Aquarium in Monterey, California, *The Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch®  program “…empowers both consumers and businesses to make good choices which will result in healthier oceans and diverse marine ecosystems for years to come…” Many fishing practices are changing due to this research, and one such practice is known as Aquaculture. (1,2)*

    Fish farming has actually been practiced for hundreds of years in some parts of the world. Today, half of the seafood we eat in the US is farmed. Aquaculture is a fast growing facet of in the global market, all in order to meet the growing global demand for seafood When good practices are used, farming seafood can  have  very little impact on the environment which can limit habitat damage, disease, escapes of farmed fish and the use of wild fish as feed but there are many cases where this has not been the case and regulatory authorities are working to make sure of good practices..(1,2)                                           

    *“…In the next decade, the majority of fish we eat will be farm-raised, not wild. Global aquaculture includes over 100 species, farmed in everything from traditional earthen ponds to high-tech tank systems. Each farming system has its own distinct environmental footprint. By choosing seafood from better farms and production systems, consumers can play a positive role in reducing aquaculture’s potential negative impact…”(1,2)                                                                                                                        

    Seafood Watch® uses science-based, peer review methods to assess “…how fisheries and farmed seafood impact the environment and provides recommendations indicating which items are “Best Choices” “Good Alternatives,” and which ones to “Avoid.”…” Through its app, pocket guides and, website, Seafood Watch® is creating awareness. It also partners with businesses, culinary leaders, aquariums and zoos to bring this issue to the consumer. Through their recommendations, they help us, as consumers to choose “…seafood that’s fished or farmed in ways that have less impact on the environment…”(1,2,3)*                                                                                                                                                                                      

    Seek out the Sustainable (by referring to Seafood Watch®

    Some sources of seafood are more sustainable than others. Farm raised oysters, clams and mussels are an excellent choice with most oysters, and many clams and mussels on the U.S. market being farm-raised. They don’t require supplemental feeding and can improve water quality! Sadly, two of our  most popular seafood items in the US, shrimp and tuna,  are among the worst choices when caught in the wild by commercial methods with their capture having some of the greatest impacts on incidentally-caught animals. 3*

    Support restaurants who are Restaurant Partners. (Listed on the Monterey Bay Aquarium website).

    These restaurants have agreed to no longer serve items from the red or Avoid list. They also educate their staff to create and raise awareness about sustainable seafood in their communities.3*

    Ask the question: ”Do you sell sustainable seafood?”                                                                                                               By asking this simple but important question at your grocery store or restaurant, you can help shape the demand and supply for fish that’s been caught or farmed in environmentally responsible ways. When chatting with the sushi chef, let them know it is important to you and find out where they get their fish. Ask if the seafood is farmed or wild, how it was caught and where it’s from.3*

    Download the Seafood Watch® App from the Monterey Bay Aquarium.

    Here you can find recommendations for sustainable seafood choices based on where you live, a place you are traveling to, or nationwide. You can visit their website to download their pocketsize printable guide or download the Seafood Watch App from iTunes or Google Play.3*

    Seafood Watch Ratings                                                                     Best Choices are those fish varieties that cause little harm to habitats and are well-managed.   The Good Alternatives list present some concerns with how they are farmed or caught, and should be consumed in limited amounts.

    Avoid list are the varieties which are overfished or farmed or caught in ways that damage the environment and other marine life.3*

    On the Best Choice list are:

    Abalone (farmed)

    Arctic Char (farmed)

    Barramundi (US & Vietnam farmed)

    Bass (US hooks and lines, farmed)

    Catfish (US)

    Clams, Cockles, Mussels

    Cod: Pacific (AK)

    Crab: King, Snow & Tanner (AK)

    Lionfish (US)

    Lobster: Spiny (Mexico)

    Oysters (farmed & Canada)

    Prawn (Canada & US)

    Rockfish (AK, CA, OR & WA)

    Sablefish/Black Cod (AK)

    Salmon (New Zealand)

    Sand dab (CA, OR & WA)

    Scallops (farmed)

    Shrimp (US farmed)

    Squid (US)

    Tilapia (Canada, Ecuador, Peru & US)

    Trout (US farmed)

    Tuna: Albacore (trolls, pole and lines)

    Tuna: Skipjack (Pacific trolls, pole and lines) 3*

    On the Avoid List are:

    Basa/Pangasius/Swai

    Cod: Atlantic (gillnet, longline, trawl)

    Cod: Pacific (Japan & Russia)

    Crab (Argentina, Asia & Russia)

    Halibut: Atlantic (wild)

    Lobster: Spiny (Belize, Brazil, Honduras & Nicaragua)

    Mahi Mahi (imported)

    Orange Roughy

    Octopus (other imported sources)

    Pollock (Canada trawls & Russia)

    Salmon (Canada Atlantic, Chile, Norway & Scotland)

    Sardines: Atlantic (Mediterranean)

    Sharks

    Shrimp (other imported sources)

    Squid (Argentina, China, India & Thailand)

    Swordfish (imported longlines)

    Tilapia (China)

    Tuna: Albacore (imported except trolls, pole and lines)

    Tuna: Bluefin

    Tuna: Skipjack (imported purse seines)

    Tuna: Yellowfin (longlines except US)3*

    This list can be somewhat confusing and might surprise you, so you do need to do your research. For example,  Albacore Tuna is on both lists but it depends on how it was caught and where. Keep in mind, many tuna are high in mercury but albacore tuna–the kind of white tuna that’s commonly canned- receives a ‘Super Green’ rating but only if it is “troll- or pole-caught” in the US or British Columbia. Younger, smaller fish, (usually less than 20 pounds), are typically caught this way (as opposed to the larger fish caught on long lines). Look for the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) blue eco label to be sure.(2,3)*

    There is a lot of information on this topic and the dos and don’ts of buying fish on the Seafood Watch® app and website. I hope this gives you a taste of what you can do to choose wisely when it comes to buying fish. Keep in mind that Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ helps the body process toxins ingested and helps provide the friendly bacteria we need to keep our guts healthy. Eating a diet high in vegetables, fruits and healthy meats to include fish are part of this regimen. As with all food, we must commit to healthy choices to keep our guts healthy. Choosing the right seafood is just part of this diet. I’ve listed additional resources below for more reading on this topic.*

    Healthiest Wishes,

    Kelli

    www.bodybiotics.com

     

    Resources:

    1. https://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/overfishing
    2. https://www.seafoodwatch.org/ocean-issues/fishing-and-farming-methods
    3. https://www.seafoodwatch.org/
    4. https://newsroom.montereybayaquarium.org/seafood-watch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QCs1H1dBIYU&feature=youtu.be
    5. https://www.onemedical.com/blog/eat-well/healthy-fish-eating-guide
    6. http://www.seafoodslaveryrisk.org/

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      No responses yet

      Sep 08 2019

      While the oceans are vast, what swims beneath the surface is limited.

      Published by under General

      While the oceans are vast, what swims beneath the surface is limited.
      Overfishing of sea life is an issue that is affecting not just the fish, but the people who love to eat it.

      In the last few blogs we have talked about water and its importance in our lives, whether we are drinking it or swimming in it. Having clean water quality coming from our tap, in our lakes and oceans and other water supplies is essential to keeping us healthy. Not only is clean water of the utmost importance to us as humans, but to all living things.

      The oceans hold about 96.5% of the earth’s water and are home to a great deal of wild life that is being compromised for a variety of reasons. It’s hard to imagine that in that vast amount of water, that there could possibly be a problem. Because the oceans are so big and so deep, there is an ‘out of sight, out of mind’ mentality for many. Those that explore the world’s oceans, do research and fish them, know the truth. There is a growing pollution problem and there is a finite supply of wild life. 1*

      Just like industrial scale farming, Industrial scale fishing, which began back in the late 1800s, has led to significant declines in the size and abundance of sea life in our oceans. By the middle of the 20th century, natural fish stocks were being depleted faster than they could reproduce.  Despite warnings and news stories, today, ninety percent of the world’s fisheries are “fully exploited, over-exploited or have collapsed.” (1,2)*

      Overfishing, poor management of available resources and the demand and consumption by humans are all contributing factors to declining wild fish populations.  The number of overfished stocks globally has tripled in half a century and today one-third of the world’s assessed fisheries are currently pushed beyond their biological limits, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Overfishing—catching fish faster than they can reproduce—is an urgent issue and is one of the biggest threats to ocean ecosystems1,2)*

      Advanced technology such as radar and sonar systems have made locating fish easier for fisherman. New fishing methods don’t catch a single fish at a time, but allow fisheries to target many fish at once, and too often, other sea life in its path. This unwanted sea life often gets thrown away. “…Many fisheries around the world throw away more fish than they keep—some of the biggest offenders are shrimp fisheries. In the worst cases, for every pound of shrimp caught, up to six pounds of other species are discarded and this incidental catch of unwanted or unsellable species, known as “bycatch,” doesn’t just include fish—turtles, seabirds and other animals also suffer…”(1,2)*

      More than 15 percent of shark species are threatened with extinction due partly to being caught accidentally. Bycatch also includes young fish that are no longer able to grow and breed and therefore rebuild populations. “…Hundreds of thousands of sea turtles, seabirds and marine mammals, including whales, dolphins and porpoises, die as bycatch. As many as 200,000 loggerhead sea turtles and 50,000 leatherback sea turtles are caught annually. Fishing also kills hundreds of thousands of seabirds on longlines, trawls and purse seines.”.(1,2)*

      The biggest fish are the most vulnerable to overfishing. They live a long time and are slow to reproduce. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, of the 465 shark species assessed, 74 are on the vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered list. Unfortunately, the biggest fish are the ones people like to eat.2*

      As the larger fish or higher level predators such as tuna and cod have been depleted, lower level species on the food chain are being targeted. More crabs, sardines and squid are being fished than ever before, but these animals are  important prey for other fish, as well as seabirds and marine mammals, making their removal impactful on other species throughout the ecosystem.2*

      Some of the fishing methods being used include beach and boat seines, dredges and gillnets. These methods trap everything in its path, and drag equipment along the ocean floor, disrupting the entire sea bed’s ecosystem. Starfish, coral, and the entire habitat are disrupted. These are the places that provide shelter, food and breeding grounds for other species. Gillnets, which target salmon, trout, perch and cod, accidentally capture such vulnerable ocean life as sharks, marine mammals and sea turtles. 2*

      Pollution is also threatening our wildlife. Too much trash, especially plastic is mistaken as food and fish and sea birds eat it, with devastating consequences. Many fish that are caught and tested, show to have ingested plastic and chemicals, which we then eat.*

      While management and regulations are in place, Illegal fishing is still a problem. According to International fisheries management agencies, one-fifth of the sea life being caught around the world is illegal, unreported or unregulated. Cheap product brought to the market by fishermen violating domestic or international fishing laws and taking fish outside the scope of an existing management plan, depletes fish stocks and costs honest fishermen and governments millions of dollars by flooding the market with cheap product. Among the violations recorded are fishing in another country’s jurisdiction, taking undersize fish, fishing in closed areas, and using illegal gear, taking more fish than is allocated and illegally transporting seafood from one carrier to another.2*

      And sea life is not the only thing being affected. Billions of people all over the world depend on fish for their main source of protein, and many people make their livelihood from fishing. If the fish we depend on is no longer available, many people will be out of business and many will have to find their food sources elsewhere. Fisherman, who can’t bring in the catch are also suffering. ”…The New England cod fishery has “collapsed,” meaning the population is at 10 percent or less of its historic levels. It has reached a point where recovery may be impossible. When this happens, coastal economies can be devastated…”2*

      This topic is of vital importance to us because fish is one of the healthiest sources of omega 3 fatty acids. The human body can’t make significant amounts of these essential nutrients on it s own, making fish a valuable source of nutrition for us. Fish is a lean fat and a great alternative to other unhealthier meats. It is therefore important that we do our part to protect this resource and get our fish from sustainable sources. Next week we will look at aquaculture, (farming of fish) and other sustainable sources for getting fish, along with what sources to avoid. We will also list the best fish to eat and those to avoid. We’ll also explore Seafood Watch©, a source provided by the Monterey Bay Aquarium in Monterey, California that educates and informs the public on best fishing practices and sustainable sources for getting our fish.

      I hope you find this informative and helpful in making healthy choices for yourself and your family today and for the future. At Body Biotics™, we want to keep you informed so that you can make the best choices for your health. Taking Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ is part of this program, but choosing the right foods is another.

      Healthiest wishes,

      Kelli

      www.bodybiotics.com

      Resources:

      1. https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/how-much-water-there-earth?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects
      2. https://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/overfishing
      3. https://www.seafoodwatch.org/ocean-issues/fishing-and-farming-methods
      4. https://www.seafoodwatch.org/
      5. https://newsroom.montereybayaquarium.org/seafood-watch
      6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QCs1H1dBIYU&feature=youtu.be

      14pt; color: #3366ff;”>While the oceans are vast, what swims beneath the surface is limited.
      Overfishing of sea life is an issue that is affecting not just the fish, but the people who love to eat it.

      In the last few blogs we have talked about water and its importance in our lives, whether we are drinking it or swimming in it. Having clean water quality coming from our tap, in our lakes and oceans and other water supplies is essential to keeping us healthy. Not only is clean water of the utmost importance to us as humans, but to all living things.

      The oceans hold about 96.5% of the earth’s water and are home to a great deal of wild life that is being compromised for a variety of reasons. It’s hard to imagine that in that vast amount of water, that there could possibly be a problem. Because the oceans are so big and so deep, there is an ‘out of sight, out of mind’ mentality for many. Those that explore the world’s oceans, do research and fish them, know the truth. There is a growing pollution problem and there is a finite supply of wild life. 1*

      Just like industrial scale farming, Industrial scale fishing, which began back in the late 1800s, has led to significant declines in the size and abundance of sea life in our oceans. By the middle of the 20th century, natural fish stocks were being depleted faster than they could reproduce.  Despite warnings and news stories, today, ninety percent of the world’s fisheries are “fully exploited, over-exploited or have collapsed.” (1,2)*

      Overfishing, poor management of available resources and the demand and consumption by humans are all contributing factors to declining wild fish populations.  The number of overfished stocks globally has tripled in half a century and today one-third of the world’s assessed fisheries are currently pushed beyond their biological limits, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Overfishing—catching fish faster than they can reproduce—is an urgent issue and is one of the biggest threats to ocean ecosystems1,2)*

      Advanced technology such as radar and sonar systems have made locating fish easier for fisherman. New fishing methods don’t catch a single fish at a time, but allow fisheries to target many fish at once, and too often, other sea life in its path. This unwanted sea life often gets thrown away. “…Many fisheries around the world throw away more fish than they keep—some of the biggest offenders are shrimp fisheries. In the worst cases, for every pound of shrimp caught, up to six pounds of other species are discarded and this incidental catch of unwanted or unsellable species, known as “bycatch,” doesn’t just include fish—turtles, seabirds and other animals also suffer…”(1,2)*

      More than 15 percent of shark species are threatened with extinction due partly to being caught accidentally. Bycatch also includes young fish that are no longer able to grow and breed and therefore rebuild populations. “…Hundreds of thousands of sea turtles, seabirds and marine mammals, including whales, dolphins and porpoises, die as bycatch. As many as 200,000 loggerhead sea turtles and 50,000 leatherback sea turtles are caught annually. Fishing also kills hundreds of thousands of seabirds on longlines, trawls and purse seines.”.(1,2)*

      The biggest fish are the most vulnerable to overfishing. They live a long time and are slow to reproduce. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, of the 465 shark species assessed, 74 are on the vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered list. Unfortunately, the biggest fish are the ones people like to eat.2*

      As the larger fish or higher level predators such as tuna and cod have been depleted, lower level species on the food chain are being targeted. More crabs, sardines and squid are being fished than ever before, but these animals are  important prey for other fish, as well as seabirds and marine mammals, making their removal impactful on other species throughout the ecosystem.2*

      Some of the fishing methods being used include beach and boat seines, dredges and gillnets. These methods trap everything in its path, and drag equipment along the ocean floor, disrupting the entire sea bed’s ecosystem. Starfish, coral, and the entire habitat are disrupted. These are the places that provide shelter, food and breeding grounds for other species. Gillnets, which target salmon, trout, perch and cod, accidentally capture such vulnerable ocean life as sharks, marine mammals and sea turtles. 2*

      Pollution is also threatening our wildlife. Too much trash, especially plastic is mistaken as food and fish and sea birds eat it, with devastating consequences. Many fish that are caught and tested, show to have ingested plastic and chemicals, which we then eat.*

      While management and regulations are in place, Illegal fishing is still a problem. According to International fisheries management agencies, one-fifth of the sea life being caught around the world is illegal, unreported or unregulated. Cheap product brought to the market by fishermen violating domestic or international fishing laws and taking fish outside the scope of an existing management plan, depletes fish stocks and costs honest fishermen and governments millions of dollars by flooding the market with cheap product. Among the violations recorded are fishing in another country’s jurisdiction, taking undersize fish, fishing in closed areas, and using illegal gear, taking more fish than is allocated and illegally transporting seafood from one carrier to another.2*

      And sea life is not the only thing being affected. Billions of people all over the world depend on fish for their main source of protein, and many people make their livelihood from fishing. If the fish we depend on is no longer available, many people will be out of business and many will have to find their food sources elsewhere. Fisherman, who can’t bring in the catch are also suffering. ”…The New England cod fishery has “collapsed,” meaning the population is at 10 percent or less of its historic levels. It has reached a point where recovery may be impossible. When this happens, coastal economies can be devastated…”2*

      This topic is of vital importance to us because fish is one of the healthiest sources of omega 3 fatty acids. The human body can’t make significant amounts of these essential nutrients on it s own, making fish a valuable source of nutrition for us. Fish is a lean fat and a great alternative to other unhealthier meats. It is therefore important that we do our part to protect this resource and get our fish from sustainable sources. Next week we will look at aquaculture, (farming of fish) and other sustainable sources for getting fish, along with what sources to avoid. We will also list the best fish to eat and those to avoid. We’ll also explore Seafood Watch©, a source provided by the Monterey Bay Aquarium in Monterey, California that educates and informs the public on best fishing practices and sustainable sources for getting our fish.

      I hope you find this informative and helpful in making healthy choices for yourself and your family today and for the future. At Body Biotics™, we want to keep you informed so that you can make the best choices for your health. Taking Body Biotics™ Bio-Identical SBO Probiotics Consortia™ is part of this program, but choosing the right foods is another.

      Healthiest wishes,

      Kelli

      www.bodybiotics.com

      Resources:

      1. https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/how-much-water-there-earth?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects
      2. https://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/overfishing
      3. https://www.seafoodwatch.org/ocean-issues/fishing-and-farming-methods
      4. https://www.seafoodwatch.org/
      5. https://newsroom.montereybayaquarium.org/seafood-watch
      6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QCs1H1dBIYU&feature=youtu.be

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        No responses yet

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